托福阅读的词汇题答题技巧有哪些?

发布时间:2022-07-06

托福阅读考试中的词汇题一般是在文中选取一个词汇,然后选出它的意思。如果这对考生来说是一个生词就需要考生通过阅读理解了解该词汇的意义。词汇题不仅考察考生的阅读能力,也考察词汇量。下面为大家整理了该类考题的答题技巧,供大家参考!

一、解决词汇题的三大技巧

1.首先看是否认识,如果在认识,采用就近原则,在选项中找同义或近义词,并代入原文检验;如果不认识,将4个选项代入原文,看上下文是否合理。

2.分析词语在句子中的作用,了解词性,然后按照上面提供的5类关系方法找出正确答案。

3.看选项,如果选项的有2个答案都比较合适,根据词汇搭配的5类关系,选择在含义上与原词最合适的。

总之,根据原文章语境理解所要选择词汇的词性和其在句中的作用,然后根据5类词汇搭配关系来选择合适的选项是解决这类题目的基础,排除法是解决这类题的主要方法。

二、五类常见的词汇关系

1.直接反义关系—该词前或后出现的内容提示我们是反义关系。表示相反概念的词语如下rather than,instead,unlike,contrast,on the contrary.

例如:

The main conflict in the novel is between a mother who places a high value on hard

work and honor and a son who repudiates his mother’s values instead preferring the easier path to fortune and celebrity

The word repudiates in the passage in closest in meaning to__

A)refuses to accept B)lives up to C)tries to understand D)makes the best of

假如repudiates我们不认识,从后面的小词instead这个词判定儿子和***价值观念是相反的,由此信息看四个选项,你会发现只有A选项带有否定的意味。

2.并列关系:并列关系词如下:and,not only..but also,as…as,and,both…and,either…or neither…nor

例如:

She embarked on her career by working as a newspaper reporter in Wisconsin and soon began writing novels.

The phrase embarked on in this sentence is closest in meaning to

A)took a trip to B)started out on C)improved upon D)had a opinion about

回到原文看embarked on周围的词语和它在这个句子中的作用。在这句中关健词and其后出现soon began告诉我们前后方向是一致的,前面也必然和began有关,所以本题目的正解是B。

3.解释关系:后面的句子或短词,单词来解释前面的词。常见的标志词:Contribute to,be responsible for,account for,since,therefore,for,because,in which等

例如:

His big break came with the novel So big(1924),which was awarded the Pulitzer in literature.

The word break in this sentence could best be replaced by___

A)Rupture B)revelation C)opportunity D)rest

which was awarded the Pulitzer in Literature告诉我们一定考查的是正态度,所以答案不可能是A)D),所以应该选C)Opportunity是一种有利的状态或合适的时机。

4.动宾关系:看看宾语能否受动词支配,或从动词短语搭配去判定.

例如:

The oxidation of exhaust gases is one of primary sources of the world’s pollutions.The brown haze that is poised over some of the world’s largest cities is properly called photochemical smog.

The word poised in this sentence is closest in meaning to__

A)interacting B)sitting C)blowing D)poisoning

首先从搭配关系上可以排除interacting,interact with然后可以从上下文关系排除blowing over因为吹走了就是不会有smog.而poison考试中及物才有pollute的含义,不及物只有一种含义表示投毒。

5.形容词修饰名词关系:

例如:

When the gas reaches the air,it comes into contact with available oxygen from atmosphere and combines with the oxygen to produce nitrogen dioxide(No2),which is a gas with a brownish hue.

The word hue in this sentence is closest in meaning to

A)color B)odor C)thickness D)smoke

对于本题你会发现有个小词brownish呈褐色的,首先从形容词修饰名词关系可以直接排除B odor C thickness,其次可以通过a gas with brownish hue前面的gas排除D smoke,用词重复。所以正确答案是A。


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